In this tutorial you will learn how to send an email from your terminal in Linux.
Step 1 - Update your system
Before we start with the steps below, make sure your system is updated, run the command below in order to do so
sudo apt update
Step 2 - Install mailutils Package
Mailutils is a utility for mailhandling in Linux. We'll be using this package in order to be able to handle emails
Run the command below to install mailutils
sudo apt install mailutils
Step 3 - Configure ssmtp.conf
Once you have installed mailutils on your system, now you need to configure the ssmtp configuration file.
All you have to do is open the ssmtp.conf via a text editor such as nano
And add these configs to your file
root=postmaster mailhub=smtp.gmail.com:587 hostname=oht AuthUser=Your_Email_Address AuthPass=Your_Auth_Pass FromLineOverride=YES UseSTARTTLS=YES
The configuration above is suitable for sending emails via your gmail address, if you want to use your server or any other domain replace
smtp.gmail.com:587 with your own.
Once done editing ssmtp.conf press CTRL + X to save the changes.
Note "AuthPass" Is not the password of your email address, the password in this case is an App password, which gives access to mail utility in order to send emails using your account. Check out our tutorial how to generate an app password on Gmail
Step 4 - Send emails
Now that you have configured the ssmtp you are good to go and start sending emails right from your terminal.
For example to send a test email, run the following command
echo "Replace this with your email body" | mail -s "Replace this with your subject" firstname.lastname@example.org
Replace the email address shown on the config above with the email address where you want to send the email.
And you should receive the email to your Gmail Inbox.
If you don't receive the email make sure you configured the ssmtp.conf file correctly, you can also check logs to see what's causing the issue for the email to not be delivered.
tail -f /var/log/mail.log
In this tutorial you learned how to send an email to any email address by using the mail -s command in Linux.